PHILLIPSON'S OBJECT RELATIONS TECHNIQUE: CONFLICT EVALUATION IN NON- CLINICAL GROUPS. A COMPARISON BETWEEN ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS
Lis, A., Calvo, V., Zanatta, F. and Zennaro, A., DPSS. University of Padova, Italy
Thematic apperceptive methods have been used to investigate a variety of aspects of personality. Among them, the Object Relations Technique (ORT; Phillipson, 1955) is less known than TAT but it is very useful to identify levels and typology of object relationships in adolescents and adults. The major purpose of our research was to develop a new evaluation form for the ORT, based on the psychoanalytic theory (Lis et al., in press), that evaluates three main dimensions on stories: formal (enumerative and descriptive aspects), content (popular themes, hero identification) and psychodynamic one. Each dimension includes operationally defined variables scored at a nominal, ordinal or interval level. The specific aim of this paper is to present the results concerning the psychodynamic dimension referring to conflicts, which are scored on the basis of what already proposed by Chabert (1980), Simonet (1986) and Shentoub for the TAT. METHOD: 1. Subjects: 207 adults (95 males and 112 females) and 196 adolescents (89 males and 107 females) belonging to normative population; 2. Procedure: Each card and the overall protocols were scored for types of conflicts, first classified as "identified" and "non-identified"; the former were then divided in avoided, badly resolved and well resolved. Intercoders reliabilities were determined by computing Cohen's coefficient of agreement on 15 protocols, and the agreement was satisfactory (K ranged from .62 to 1). Results: Frequency of the different types of conflicts in adults and adolescents will be reported and the two groups will be compared.