THE BENDER GESTALT TEST: A COMPARISON BETWEEN NORMAL AND RETARDED CHILDREN
Lis, A., Mazzeschi, C., Parolin, L. and Scuderi, S., DPSS, University of Padova and Santo, D.N., University of Catania, Italy
The Bender Gestalt Test (BGT) (Bender, 1938) is one of the most used test in developmental age and in adulthood. In a recent review (Mazzeschi, Lis, Vallone, 2000) we have seen how the research in the BGT in developmental age can be grouped in four main topics: normative data and methodological articles; cross-cultural comparisons; learning disturbances and mental retardation; new types of scoring. Papers on mental retardation are scarce if compared with works on other topics. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the study of the BGT results, comparing the same number of normal children and retarded children who were equal for mental age and obtained score. Sample: The group of retarded children included two different subgroups according to DSM-IV classification: 45 mild retarded IQ (level 50-55 to approximately 70) and 35 moderate retarded IQ (level 35-40 to 50-55). A group of 80 normal children paired for mental age and score on the BGT was also considered. Methodology: The BGT was administered and scored according to Koppitz Developmental Scoring System (Koppitz, 1963, 1975). Results: The outcomes show some qualitative differences in the scores of the two groups of retarded children and qualitative differences between retarded and normal children. In detail above all differences were found in rotation and integration.