GROUP DIFFERENCE OF ATTENTIONAL BLINK BETWEEN HIGH-LEVEL TABLE TENNIS PLAYERS AND AVERAGE COLLEGIATE STUDENTS AND ITS IMPLICATION IN TALENT SELECTION
Li, Y.R., Liang, C.M. and Zhang, H.C., Beijing Normal University, China
When participants are asked to report a target and detect a subsequent probe in rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), a deficit in probe report accuracy is usually found during an interval of several hundred milliseconds after the target. Jane E. Raymond and his research group first coined attentional blink for this visual processing deficit in 1992. Since then, most researches on attentional blink paid much more attention to testifying its existence in average people by varying target, probe and the interstimulus interval. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there exists group difference of attentional blink between special subjects and average ones. 23 high-level table tennis players who aged 20.962.33 and 80 collegiate students aged 22.962.54 with no regular table tennis playing experience participated the test. Results showed that there is significant group difference between high-level table tennis players and average collegiate, the former only had slightly attention blink with its lowest point at the place of p1 (135ms after the target stimulus position) lasting about 540ms, compared with the latter's lowest point at the place of p2 (270ms after the target stimulus position) lasting about 945ms. It was suggested that attentional blink should be an acute index in talent selection in some special operators like table tennis players, who need to react quickly to the environment to get higher performance.