CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN ATTENTION PERFORMANCE BETWEEN GERMANY AND KOREA
Oh, H.S., Seoul Institute of Clinical Psychology, South Korea and Moosbrugger, H., Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Cultural differences in attention performance consisting of various functions were examined by large samples of German and Korean subjects. In order to compare the performance on three important attention functions, i.e. selective attention, self-control, and continuity of attention, data of 800 subjects at the age from 9 - 72 were collected in Germany and Korea (total n=1600) using the Frankfurt Attention Inventory (FAIR) in its German version (Moosbrugger & Oelschlaegel, 1996) and its Korean version processed by Oh (Oh & Moosbrugger, 2001). Each sample was divided into five subgroups according to age 9-13, 14-17, 18-25, 26-35, and older than 36 with gender and occupation also being considered. The results show that there is a significant difference between the two nations in all age groups: While German subjects show overall higher self-control, Korean subjects show higher performance of selective and continuous attention. The differences become stronger with increasing age with the exception of the subgroup with age older than 36. The findings are compared with results, which had been recently received with the FAIR in its French pre-version (Moosbrugger & Kuechemann, 2001) in a Canadian sample (n = 226). The results will be discussed regarding cultural. The consequences of quantitative and qualitative differences in attention performance for the assessment of attention disorders will be discussed. Keywords: Attention assessment, cross-cultural comparison, attention disorders.