ECOTOURISM IN THE RICE-TERRACE OF JAPAN: COMPARISON OF FARM AND CITY RESIDENTS
Nonami, H., Kwansei-Gakuin University and Maeda, M., Nara women University, Japan
Many movements in Japan to save the rice-terrace that farm village residents make networks with city residents are seen as a kind of ecotourism. Although many rice-terraces in Japan once have been abandoned resulted from economical disadvantageous, those terraces are used as the public space that city residents can experience agricultural work. In this research, influencing factors of each farm and city residents to participate this movement were compared. Farm residents decided the participation based on the self-interest that they could obtain spreading networks. However, the decision making of city residents was based on the public interest, that is, consciousness to the environment and saving view of the village, besides the self-interest. From these results, network relations between the network and public or self-interest were discussed.