RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ADOLESCENTS POLITICAL BEHAVIORS AND PARENTING STYLES SOCIALIZATION IN THAILAND
Nolrajsuwat, K., Sirivunnabood, P. and Supmee, W., Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Political behavior and Diana Baumrind's parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful parenting styles and political behaviors of Thai adolescents in five different regions of Thailand. The subjects were 1,316 students in Mathayomsuksa 1 (Grade 7) and 6 (Grade 12). The data were collected via three questionnaires. Two ways ANOVA showed a significant effect of parenting styles and political behaviors. Students brought up with authoritative parenting styles had better democratic behavior than students brought up with the other three parenting styles. The students brought up with uninvolved parenting styles have least democratic behaviors. Moreover, the students with authoritative parenting style showed better political responsibilities than the students with the other three parenting styles. The study showed significant differences of sex, residential regions, academic achievement, and parental occupation on students' political behaviors whereas birth order, family type, parental education had no significant differences. Female students showed better political responsibilities than male students. Students residing in Bangkok showed less democratic behaviors and political responsibilities than students in the other regions of the country. Students with lower academic achievement showed less democratic behaviors than the students with higher academic achievement. The students whose parents were farmers/laborers with primary education showed better democratic behaviors than students whose parents had better level of education and worked as government officials, merchants, and office workers.