Nair, E., National University of Singapore, Singapore
This study seeks to further conceptual and theoretical development in the area of self-esteem measurement and addresses the need for a standardized measurement tool for self-esteem for practitioners who seek to help adolescents in school and juvenile homes who require counseling support. The sample (n=240, aged 14 to 19 years) consisted of students from two Secondary schools and young offenders who were residents of a male and female detention center respectively. For the young offenders,. Demographic data was captured with regards to the offence committed, the length of residential stay and highest educational level attained. The School Sample comprised of Secondary Three and Four Express Stream students. Apart from the self-esteem questionnaire, a battery of tests measuring anxiety, depression and general health were administered in a group setting. Prior to the study subjects were briefed with regards to the purpose of the study and study and assured of confidentiality of their individual responses. Factor analysis of the self-esteem questionnaire supported a four-factor solution as conceptualized, namely self-respect (losing upsets me because it shows that I am not capable), self-direction (when I face problems I rely on my own ability to solve them), self- explication ( when things go wrong in my life it is usually someone else's fault) and self-confidence (I feel I can make mistakes without losing the love and respect of others). The validity and implications of these findings are discussed.