TEST QUALITY EVALUATION. THE EFPA PROJECT
Muniz, J., University of Oviedo, Spain
The European Federation of Psychologists Associations (EFPA) has established a Standing Committee on Tests and Testing in order to improve testing practices in the European countries. To reach this goal, this committee has carried out different activities and projects. One of these projects, developed under the leadership of Dave Bartram, has been to create a unified model to evaluate the technical quality of tests. The main objective of this model is to facilitate an objective revision of tests, being able to offer this information to professionals, practitioners, and test users in general. Inspired in other test review models previously developed (British, Dutch, and Spanish), the EFPA model tries to unify and to synthesize the best of these three models, adding new important aspects. The EFPA test review model is articulated in five parts: Description of the test, Evaluation, Summary evaluation of the test, Recommendations, and Notes references and bibliography. Besides a detailed description of the characteristics of the test, the model allows a quantitative and standardized evaluation, following a five stars system. Pros and cons of this quantitative system are analyzed. In addition to the presentation of the model, some directions about the ways it can be used, and the implications for test evaluation ill be discussed.