THE EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR GROUP TRAINING (CBGT) IN YOUNG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES (TYPE 1)
 
Moradi, A.R. and Hadari, F., Teacher Training University, Iran
 
CBT approach is largely use to manage different emotional disorders such as anxiety, depression etc. (eg. Beck 1985). Recently Snoek et al. (2001) concluded that CBGT is a promising intervention that may help adults diabetes patients in poor control to develop a more positive attitude towards their diabetes and to improve also their self management behaviors. The main aim of this study Is to investigate the effects of the cognitive behavioral group therapy in young patients with poor control diabetes. 20 patients (aged 11 to 17 years old) with high anxiety, external locus of control and poor control diabetes in tow different groups (9 patients as experimental group and 11 patients as control group) participated in the study. The main interventions include 7 sessions of CBGT such as problem solving technique, relaxation, time management, homework assignments, etc. The results indicated that the experimental group significantly shows low anxiety as well as internal locus of control. The results also indicated that following CBGT, the mean HbA1c dropped to the normal level comparing to the control group.