DEMOGRAPHIC EFFECTS ON THE SOURCES OF MANAGERIAL GUIDANCE USED BY NIGERIAN AND BRITISH MANAGERS
 
Mogaji, A.A, University of Lagos, Nigeria and Smith, P.B., University of Sussex, UK
 
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of demographic variables like age, sex, organization size, type of organization ownership on the sources of managerial guidance most often used by managers from Nigeria and Britain. The guidance sources included formal rules, unwritten rules, subordinates, specialists, coworkers, superior, own experience and widespread beliefs as to what is right. Data were collected from 285 Nigerian managers comprising 200 males and 85 females and 141 British managers comprising 108 males and 33 females. British managers relied most frequently on their own experience, while Nigerian managers relied most on formal rules. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that reliance on formal rules, on superiors, on unwritten rules and on subordinates were significantly related to demographic predictors. However, the demographic predictors of reliance on these sources differed between the two countries and these differences are interpreted in terms of national culture.