DROPOUT KIDS AND HIGHSCHOOL: NEW ANSWERS THROUGH THE STUDY OF ENDOGENEOUS FACTORS
Messier, Y., Universit de Montral, Canada
In the seventies and the eighties, relationships between the social or family origins of dropout teenagers and their decision to drop out were established. At that time, we thought dropout kids were from poor areas, raised in low cultural level families. Things have changed in the last years! The dropout phenomena have spread to social groups that were free of it in the past. Projectiv technic such as early memories analysis and the theoric bases of Alfred Adler psychopedagogy, are used to study personnal perceptions. It provides us with new answers and new ways to understand the origines of the phenomena. This analysis, done by reaserchers and validated by the dropout kid, shows how the youngster perceive his environment and why he behaves this way. These informations provide to researchers and educators with new tools to act. Then, the educator can help the kid to change the perception he has of his role in this world/society. Behavior improvments as cooperation with classmates and teachers can be expected. The traditional causes, such, poverty, divorced parents, school environment are partly behind us. Educators have new ways to take teenagers at the end highschool by helping them to see it differently with "new eyes". This abstract is based on a ph.D research on 30 teenagers at-risk of droping out.