THE AFFECT IN PLAY SCALE: A COMPARISON BETWEEN PLAY TASK AND AN ADAPTATION OF THE SCALE TO CHILDREN AGED 6-11
Mazzeschi, C., Salcuni, S. and Stragliotto, C., DPSS, University of Padova, Italy and Superchi, E., University of Cleveland, USA
The Affect in Play Scale (Russ, 1993) was developed as a standardized measure of affect in play and consists of a play task with two neutral puppets and criteria for a rating scale. It measures the amount and types of affective expression in children's fantasy play. Among others, it scores the occurrence of 11 affective content categories: Happiness/Pleasure; Anxiety/Fear; Sadness/Hurt; Frustration/Displeasure; Nurturance/Affection; Aggression; Oral; Oral Aggression; Anal; Sexual; Competition. An adaptation of this scale was chosen also as a measure of affective expression in the CAT. The aim of this paper is to study the frequency of affective themes in the application of play task of the Affect in Play Scale and in the CAT. Methodology: The play task was administered individually according to Russ (1993). The 11 categories were defined and scored on the play task and on the CAT, following a manual adapted from Russ (1993) and with psychologists already trained on the Affect in Play Scale. Interscores reliability between two judges, calculated in two samples of 20 children was high. Sample: 50 children 6-11 years old, attending school regularly. Results: The means of the total frequency of affective expressions on the play task are similar to the ones already found in the previous quoted studies. Correlations among themes in the two methods highlight some differences. These results will be discussed in the presentation.