Masanori, T., Hiroshima University and Hirai, S., Nagasaki International University, Japan
When young children under eight years old draw an object occluded by another, they depict each object separately, either horizontally or vertically. This study examined whether children aged 4-6 years old intended to draw occluding and occluded objects separately at the planning stage like their drawn product. Twenty-five four-year-olds (boys=14, girls=11), 28 five-year-olds (boys=14, girls=14), and 29 six-year-olds (boys=19, girls=10) participated in the study. Participants were presented with two cups, which were set one behind another, with their handles visible in each side in partial occlusion and invisible in total occlusion. They were asked to draw the cups as they see and to select a picture card that matched their drawing plan from the five picture cards (circle, horizontal, orientation-centered, vertical, view-specific). The results showed that in the drawing task, in both partial and total occlusions, four- year-olds more often drew either a circle or the two cups horizontally; five-year-olds drew the two cups vertically, while six-year-olds made view- specific drawings. In the planning task, in partial and total occlusions, four-year-olds selected the picture card representing a circle or two horizontally drawn cups; five-year-olds tended to pick the card of two vertically drawn cups, and six-year-olds chose the view-specific picture card, like their drawn products. The result showed no difference between planning and drawing in each age group and suggested that children's drawing were already determined during the planning stage.