THE EFFECT OF PSYCHO-BEHAVIORAL TRAININGS ON AIDS-PREVENTION- BEHAVIORS OF MALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THAILAND
Ma-oon, R., National Research Council of Thailand, Thailand
The purposes of this experimental study are (1) to compare the results of trainings on 2 (50% training) and 5 (100% training) psychological characteristics with the control group (0% training) (2)to find the psychological and behavioral traits most effected by these trainings in male university students. The sample consisted of 405 male students from 3 different universities. A Pretest-posttest Control Group Design was employed with a four-month-follow up. The major findings were : (1)the 100% training (in 5 psychological characteristics, namely, knowledge about AIDS, attitudes towards AIDS prevention, future orientation, self control, and belief in internal locus of control) was necessary for increasing knowledge, and future orientation, in the total sample, in young and in non-family living students. The 100% training was crucial for increasing favorable attitudes towards prevention and dissemination of prevention knowledge assessed 4 months after training, in male students with sexual experience. The 50% training module (consisting of knowledge and attitude training was sufficient for heightening favorable attitudes in lower SES students and for AIDS knowledge seeking behavior in the total sample. The 100% module was thus recommended as an elective course in bachelor's degree program for male students.