NEW TRENDS AND PROBLEMS IN APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY IN BRAZIL
Maluf, M.R., Universidade de So Paulo, Brazil
This work aims at the recognition of new trends and core problems concerning the education of psychologists in Brazil. Firstly, a description of the development of Psychology graduation courses is provided. The historical and cultural conditions which characterized then are mentioned along with a description of the current situation. Furthermore an interview was administered to 12 psychologists practicing different areas of psychology. They were asked to identify and describe emerging tendencies in Brazilian psychology. A questionnaire was answered by 78 students and 21 psychologists, who were asked to score levels of importance to a list of problems and also to put forward some more problems they would consider as important questions. The results showed that the different areas of psychology exhibit a strong movement towards more critical and committed approaches to social reality. Some problems were pointed out as being important by both, students and professionals, such as the need of infrastructure facilities for the education of a psychologist (such as laboratories, libraries, appropriate locations for supervised activities and training programs), and the importance of count on research professors who can educate for research based upon realistic facts about Brazil and its several regions. On the other hand, both students and professionals agree that the undergraduate course must be of a generalist nature and that specialization courses are to be attended later on. Further problems were also pointed out as being important only by students or by psychologists.