IDENTITY CRISIS AMONG IRANIAN ADOLESCENTS
Makaremi, A., Shiraz University, Iran
Adolescents are virtually forced to reevaluate and recognize the skills, abilities and identifications of childhood into a new coherent framework called identity. As Bronfenbrenner (1995) indicated in his ecological approach the exosystem and macrosystem can influence human development such as identity formation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the identity crisis among Iranian adolescents, its relation to family problems, and SES of the adolescents' family. Also the aims of this study were to find the quality of the sex role identity, social identity and occupational identity among Iranian adolescents. The sample of this study was 800 high school students (400 boys, 400 girls) which were selected randomly from four educational areas in Shiraz. The age range of the sample was 14 to 17 with mean age of 15.7 and 15.4 for boys and girls respectively. At first different instruments were used which were made by Adams et al (1984), Berzonsky (1993) and Jakson (1981). First the questions were translated to Farsi and baktranslated into English and after correction the Farsi version was used. Then 30 reliable items were selected. Also a questionnaire was made by the researcher with 40 items in order to see the family problems and SES of the adolescents family. The results showed that there were significant differences in identity crisis of boys and girls(F=12.77,P<05). Also there were no significant differences between social identity and occupational identity of boys and girls. Girls had more sex role identity crisis (F=64.04,P<05)than boys. Finally the results indicated that family problems and SES of the family are significantly related with adolescents' identity crisis which will be discussed.