Rout, U.R., Coventry University and Rout, J.K., Kearsley Medical Centre, United Kingdom
There has been a constant structural change in the National Health Service (NHS) over the past decade. As a result the Health Service in the UK has become an increasingly turbulent environment similar to many private sector industries. The working patterns of doctors have been greatly affected by these reforms in the Health Service. Although there are a number of studies conducted on stress among junior doctors stress in senior doctors in hospital has rarely been studied in the UK. It is important to study stress in consultants as much of the organisational burden of recent changes on hospitals has fallen on consultants. This paper presents the results of a study investigating job related stress and health among consultant doctors in England. Doctors completed questionnaires covering stress, mental health, job satisfaction and demographic details.A specific measure of stress was developed following in-depth interviews with consultant doctors. A total of 103 doctors (Male = 83, female = 20) took part in the study. The major sources of job related stress isolated by the consultants related to: time pressure, having too much work to do, taking work home, dividing time between home and work, lack of resources, increased demands from patients and factors not under their direct control. It was revealed that the mental health of the doctors was poorer than that of the other population group. Both male and female consultants had significantly higher scores on the depression and somatic anxiety scale than the normative population. The highest levels of satisfaction were reported for their job security, amount of variety in their job and the opportunity to use their ability and the lowest level of job satisfaction was reported for amount of work given and their hours of work. The implications of the findings for further research are considered