MOTIVATION AND PERSONALITY IN NATIONAL-LEVEL YOUNG FENCERS
Rosnet, E., University of Reims, France
Motivation has been recognized as one of the major factor for success in sport. Brire and al.'s Echelle de Motivation dans les Sports (EMS) brings interesting possibilities to assess intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation for a specific activity. In this experiment, it is used in conjunction with personality (Gordon's GPPI) and anxiety assessment (STAI). 154 fencers aged from 14 to 19 years old (mean: 15;6, sd: 1;2), including 78 male and 86 female, completed the tests. All the fencers are ranked in the 20 best national of their age category and are practicing either foil, epee and sabre. No important differences have been found according to the gender concerning motivation. Negative correlation appear between amotivation and personality characteristics like self-esteem and responsibility. The general indicator of motivation is positively correlated to most of the Gordon's scales, but no relation appear with anxiety. Further statistical analysis will be presented. Interpretation will be done in relation to the auto-determination's theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 1991) and will explore the possible relationships between personality characteristics and the auto-determination's level in a specific activity.