CULTURAL VALUES AS PREDICTORS OF WORK VALUES
Walker, A., Smith, S. and Miller, R., Deakin University, Australia
The study was designed to investigate the extent to which Horizontal and Vertical Individualism-Collectivism can predict the work values of a sample of 268 Australian bank employees from different ethnic backgrounds. Singelis, Triandis, Bhawuk and Gelfand's (1995) Horizontal and Vertical Individualism-Collectivism scale was used to measure cultural values, and the Canadian Work Value Scale (Burstein, Tienhaara, Hewson & Warrander, 1975) was used to measure employee work values. Multiple-regression analyses indicated the four dimensions of cultural values to be strong predictors of work values. Horizontal Collectivism predicted six of the eight work values (Personal Relations, Promotion Opportunities, Challenge and Growth, Non-human Resources, Supervision, and Human Resources), while Vertical Collectivism predicted two work values (Personal Relations and Financial Considerations). Horizontal Individualism predicted two work values (Promotion Opportunities and Challenge and Growth), while Vertical Individualism predicted three work values (Promotion Opportunities, Challenge and Growth, and Financial Considerations). Results are discussed with reference to Elizur, Borg, Hunt and Beck's (1991) definitional framework of work values and implications of the findings considered. It can be concluded that the work values embraced by employees vary in importance as a function of their cultural values.