TOWARDS A THEORY OF WORK AND CITIZENSHIP
Puplampu, B.B., University of Ghana, Ghana
In many developing countries, both anecdotal and empirical research suggests serious problems with attitudes to work. These have tended to be described as negative, poor or lacking of the professionalism and the dedication associated with progress and efficiency. This conceptual paper examines the problem of work and work attitudes in developing economies such as Ghana, suggesting that issues such as: Attitudes to work, Corruption and Malfeasance, Professionalism, Entrepreneurial attitudes which all have a bearing on National Development, should perhaps be conceptualised less in terms of individualistic psychology and more in terms of work as a matter of personal economic security which cannot be divorced from national economic progress, professionalism in work in as a demonstration of Citizenship and the need to articulate a work value system that reinforces a sense of Social Connectedness to ones national community. These ideas may relate more to people in the formal sectors of the economy, whose actions, inactions, decisions and behaviours often determine the direction of national growth. From early socialization to formal education, the question must be asked as to whether training recognizes the interconnection between skills, capabilities, positions, job execution, and development. It is argued that problems of bureaucratic ineptitude, malfeasance, lack of entrepreneurial pushe, could be seen as indicants of a social/psychological/occupational schizophrenia which could only be addressed through re-engaging one's vocation with one's citizenship.