HOW ORAL CANCER PATIENTS FACE THE DECISION OF THE OPERATION
 
Wu, S. C., Li, S. M. and Huang, J. S., National Cheng-Kung University, Taiwan
 
The betel quid chewing behavior had been known to induce oral cancer in Taiwan. The beliefs about chewing the betel-quid can enhance social interaction, suppress boredom, relieve tiredness, and increase work productivity were accepted by most people. The people had the oral cancer will be associated with the betel quid chewing behavior which had the cultural meaning and those factor will effect the decision of the operation .In this study will explore the psychological phenomena of those patient by interview 10 oral cancer patients. Those data were analyzed by the qualitative approach. This study found that Cancer being a disease is importance and the impact of the daily lives. Taiwanese oral cancer patients will face the decision that choose operation or not and those decisions were resulting in the cognitive dissonance state. In this study, cognitive dissonance theory is the basis to explore context which Taiwanese oral cancer patients face decision situation. The application of the cognitive dissonance theory to the decision making are needed more discussion.