LONELINESS IN SOLITARY ELDERLY PEOPLE
Platon, C. and Platon, D., Moldova State University, Moldova
Loneliness is considered to be a serious social problem, which has a great negative impact on the feeling of well-being. In elderly people the poor relationships network could be emphasised by the solitary way of life. To identify the characteristics of the feeling of loneliness in solitary elderly persons. With a view to achieving the goal a qualitative research was designed. Participants were pensioners aged 71-96 years, from Chi?in?u, Moldova. There have been performed 9 in-depth interviews, collecting data on the perception of solitary life style, on different interpersonal relationships, on social life activism and life satisfaction. The study showed that solitary old persons were involved, formally, in relatively many interpersonal relations, which were rather mediated. These social connections did not provide them social integration and a self-fulfillment feeling. Most of these persons were unsatisfied with their social life and perceived themselves as marginalised and isolated. Generally, the perception of elderly people in moldovan society is changing, both on family and on social levels. This social group is being marginalised and is perceiving itself as an isolated and lonely one. In the circumstances of the came out peculiarity of elderly people social network, the solitude contributes to the loneliness feeling establishment. Wise and urgent strategies of psychological and social assistance are required. Keywords: loneliness, solitude, old age, social relationships.