THE INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS AND COMPUTER GAMES ON ETHNIC STEREOTYPES FORMATION
Pavlenko, V., Kharkiv National University, Ukraine
With every next decade society of the world become more multinational and multicultural, and it makes more and more critical a problem of peaceful coexistence and mutual development of different ethnocultural groups. That is why it seems that it is not a coincidence that a problem of tolerant attitude development both between groups and separate individuals has been researched much and there are various ways of its solving in the social practice of a number of countries. One of the conditions of a tolerant multicultural society development is a creation of such a process of young generation education and up-bringing that will exclude a possibility of transmission to them negative ethnic or racial stereotypes and prejudices. Previous studies in Ukraine revealed an existence of negative attitudes to some ethnic groups in Ukrainian adults. But how were they formed? Their wide circulation in the society allowed to suppose that most of them were formed in the process of school education. Proposed presentation is dedicated to the study of verification of this hypothesis. Some texts from ordinary school history and literature textbooks and some computer games have been chosen as the presumable cultural means promoting negative ethnic stereotypes development. Then special questionnaires were proposed to 180 pupils (60 children from every grade) in order to investigate their stereotypes and measure the attitudes to target groups. After studying of chosen topics in the classroom the same questionnaires were proposed once more and obtained data from first and second testing were compared. Some results and conclusions from this empirical study will be discussed in the presentation.