FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS'DISCIPLINE
Thongpukdee, T., Jinnge, P., Kasemnet, L., Phisalaphong, W., Srijindarat, U., Srinakarinwirot University, Thailand
This study investigates the relationships among psychological traits, social environment and discipline behaviors of Sixth Grade and Ninth Grade students in Bangkok. The subjects consisted of 276 Sixth Grade students of 1995 academic year from the Department of Education, Bangkok Metropolitan schools and 264, Ninth Grade students of 1995 academic year from the Department of General Education schools, Ministry of Education Data were gathered by giving twelve questionnaires and one test to each subject to investigate the need for achievement; attitudes towards discipline behaviors; support from school; moral reasoning ability; belief in internal locus of control of reinforcement; future orientation and self-control; child rearing practices and parental identity on discipline behavior; teacher's preaching and identity on discipline behaviors actual discipline behaviors; perception of school rules and values; empathy; mental health and intelligence Data collected were analyzed by Stepwise-multiple regression analysis and t-test Major findings were as follows: (1) Internal factors / performer's psychological traits/ and external factors -/social environment/ significantly predict discipline behavior of the total group of subjects; and (2) the best predictor of discipline behaviors which was in the first rank of all group except ninth grade students wad future orientation and self-control The others were attitudes toward discipline behaviors; perception of school rule and value; need for achievement; child rearing practices and parental identity on discipline behaviors; and teacher's material support, respectively. Among students with different bio-social characteristics, it was found that discipline behaviors of sixth grade students were higher than those of ninth grade students and those of female students in both grades were also higher than those of male students.