DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF DEATH ANXIETY SCALE IN INDIA AMONG STUDENTS
Thingujam, N. S. and Ram, U., University of Pune, India
A review of literature reveals that death anxiety has been studied in India using unifactor scale. In the present study 35 items of a death anxiety scale was subjected to principal axis factoring through varimax rotation, which yielded two factors: a) fear of own death with 25 items and .89 alpha coefficient reliability, and b) fear of others' death with 12 items and .85 alpha coefficient reliability. Eigenvalues were 4.517 and 4.183 for the first and second factors, respectively. Percentages of variance were 16.130 and 14.94, respectively, for the two factors. 8 items were allowed to load on both factors, and 6 items were deleted from the original 35 items. Composite death anxiety had a total of 29-item and internal consistency of .90. There were 180 participants from colleges of Pune city with 41 males, 128 females and 11 unreported. As a part of validity study both the factors of death anxiety, and composite death anxiety were significantly correlated with physical health, mental health, belief in religion, Type A personality, and self-esteem. However, the correlation between the two factors of death anxiety is quite high(r =. 84), indicating the impossibility of extracting two factors based on the present data and items.