CHINESE LAWYERS' RESPONSIBILITY PERCEPTIONS TOWARD DATE AND STRANGER RAPE
Tang, S. K., Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Two-hundred-and-fifty-nine Chinese lawyers participated in this study and completed questionnaires on attitudes toward women, rape-related perceptions, and responsibility attribution to date and stranger rape. Results showed that participants generally assigned greater responsibility to rapists than to rape victims. Furthermore, they attributed greater responsibility to stranger rapists than date rapists, and to date rape victims than stranger rape victims. Findings of hierarchical regression analyses showed that liberal gender attitudes and high educational attainment were the best predictors of a low level of responsibility attribution to date rape victims, whereas liberal gender attitudes and perceptions of rape as infrequent were the best predictors of a low level of responsibility attribution to stranger rape victims. For both date and stranger rape, the only significant predictor of a high level of responsibility assigned to rapists was a low level of victim responsibility attribution. Limitations and implications of the results were also discussed.