Tamayo, A., University of Brasilia, de Carvalho Lima, D.C. and da Silva, A.V., Eletronorte, Brazil
Review of the literature reveals that several organizational factors have a direct effect on job stress. Psychological strain that may be attributed to organizational variables is often due to the organizational climate and management style adopted in the organization. The objective of this research was to study the relationship between organizational climate and job stress. A job stress scale (alpha = .91) was administered to a sample of 1477 employees from a public enterprise in the electric sector. The Organizational Climate Inventory (OCI) was used for the evaluation of the independent variable. The OCI is composed of 4 factors: work environment (alpha: .89), communication (alpha: 92), leadership style (alpha: 95) and employees valorization (alpha: .96). The stepwise multiple regression revealed that work environment and leadership style factors predicted job stress (R2 = .24). Both factors correlated negatively with the dependent variable showing that job stress is higher when the quality of work environment and leadership style is low. These results are convergent with those found in previous researches, particularly those related to leadership style.