ON THE RATIONALE OF EXPRESSIVE THERAPY: FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE INDIVISIBILITY OF BODY/MIND THEORY IN CHINESE MEDICINE
Wu, H.J., Tainan Women's College of Arts & Technology and Huang, C.H., National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan
Recently, various forms of expressive therapies have gained much attention and many studies have proved their effectiveness. However, explanations on their therapeutic rationale are limited to the perspectives of western psychotherapy theory, such as psychodynamic, Jungian, Gestalt Therapy, and Object Relation Theory, while little words on traditional Chinese medicine could be seen. Unlike the western way of taking body as body while mind as mind, Chinese medicine emphasizes the indivisibility and interdependence of body/mind. Therefore, a factor affecting the body will also immediately affects the mind, and vice versa. Taking music therapy as an example, there are five notes in the Chinese music system, Gong, Shang, Jue, Zhi, and Yu, each with different types of vibration which correspond to the regular vibration of the five organs, spleen, lungs, liver, heart, and kidneys, which in turn influence their corresponding five psychological functions. It is thus obvious that there is a clear explanatory system of how music affects body and mind in Chinese medicine, which further empirical research would be worthwhile. The current study is therefore aimed at analyzing the effectiveness and possible rationale of expressive therapy from the perspective of the indivisibility of body/mind used in Chinese medicine. Through providing a different way of thinking and approach of investigation for clinical expressive therapy workers, it also hopes to lead to more implementations of empirical research in the search of the therapeutic mechanisms or factors of expressive therapy.