A STUDY OF PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC TRY ON ELDERLY PEOPLE, -PSYCHOMETRY, SAND PLAY TECHNIQUE AND COLLAGE THERAPY-
Taiko, J., Bunkyo University, Japan
In this study the author attempted to further clarify psychotherapeutic try on elderly people by using (1) subjective quality of life, or QOL, (2) Rorschach Test, or R test, (3) Sand Play technique and (3) Collage therapy. The study was conducted from February to August, 2001. The subjects were residents of a nursing home in the Saitama area (one male, 9 females. M=80.8, age range of 71-95). The results were as follows: (1) QOL: there were significant differences in psychological stability and life satisfaction. The low scores of psychological stability were related with psychosomatic diseases and depressive mood; (2) R test: 6 subjects fitted in with the traits mentioned by Ames,L,B. 5 subjects selected Card VIII, which is called " male card", as Self-image card. The selection may be related not only to their role as a breadwinner but also to the aging related androgyny. 5 subjects chose Cards IV and VI, or male cards, as Dislike card. This may be due to their life style of self-surrender in a paternal system; (3) Sand Play technique: One subject solved one of developmental tasks in life cycle: identity. Ordinarily, the main theme was concerned with the Shinto shrine; (4) Collage technique: the beautiful scenery may be related with the traditional view of death' therefore, psychological support needs to be provided for them to lead a meaningful life in the nursing home.