SUBJECTIVE PROBABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NEGATIVE EVENTS IN SUB-CLINICALLY DEPRESSED AND ANXIOUS ADOLESCENTS
Seyed Mohammad, R. Z., Shiraz University, Iran
The present study investigated the subjective probability judgments that anxious and depressed adolescents make concerning future negative events. Subjects generated probability estimates either for themselves or for other adolescents for a range of events on a visual analogue scale. Events were either physically-threat-related or socially-threat-related. The results revealed no differences of interest with respect to type of threat but interesting differences between the groups with respect to reference. Depressed subjects estimated that events were equally likely to happen to themselves as to other adolescents whereas both the controls and anxious adolescents estimated that negative events were more likely to happen to others than to themselves, with this effect being stronger in the anxious group. These results are discussed in the context of the adult literature and also the limited literature on emotion-related cognitive processing in young people. Keywords: Probability estimates, Childhood depression. Childhood anxiety, Cognitive processing.