SIGNIFICANCE OF CHANGE OF MEANING IN THE PERIOD OF INTEGRATED STUDY IN A JAPANESE SCHOOL
Suwa, K. and Atsumi, T., Osaka University, Japan
The Period of Integrated Study will be launched as a new regular curriculum in April 2002 with the starting of the new official Courses of Study in Japan. It is said that the introduction of the new curriculum will be one of the big turning points of Japanese primary and secondary education system. For instance, compared to traditional ways of using official textbooks, the new curriculum has no official textbook, so that teachers must create their original curriculum for the first time. Ikeda (2000) pointed out that the key point of the Period of Integrated Study is the participation of parents and other adults in the community. The present research focused on the development of participation of parents and community members in the introductory period of this new Study. First, we regard the participants in the new Study as volunteers, and indicated the danger of volunteers from the Nakano's discussion --- Nakano (2001) pointed out that the prosperity of voluntary activities, which looks like democratic activities easily turn to mobilization by the nation --- and relation between the danger and the school education. Second, we showed the introduction of the Period of Integrated Study caused the changing process of the fixed categories about a school (e.g., the boarder of "Inside" and "Outside" of school). In conclusion, we suggested that the Period of Integrated Study changed the concepts of school due to the modification of relations between a school and community.