Srivastava, A.K., Banaras Hindu University, India
The study examines the effectiveness of "Cognitive Intervention" in prevention, mitigation and help coping with occupational stress and job and health strains in relation to employees' locus of control. The employees identified as experiencing moderate to high degree of stress were randomly selected to constitute the intervention (N=56) and control groups (N=45). The intervention group comprised 31 internal and 25 external LOC employees. The therapy group was given cognitive intervention for 12 weeks with scheduled intervals. The two groups were assessed and compared with regard to their occupational stress, job satisfaction, and symptoms of psychological and somatic distress at pre- and post- intervention stages. The results indicate a significant decline in the degree of occupational stress and severity of psychological and somatic distress, and improvement in job satisfaction of the Ss after the intervention. Comparison of intervention and control groups with regard to their job stress and consequent distress also confirmed the effectiveness of the intervention. The study also reveals that Ss with internal LOC experience comparative lower degree of job stress, but not the distress. Though LOC did not have significant moderating effect on the relationship of job stress and consequent strains, the effectiveness of the cognitive intervention was markedly higher in internal LOC group, indicating that the degree of effectiveness of the intervention in managing job stress and strains is modified by personal characteristics of the employees.