OLDER PEOPLE QUALITY OF LIFE AND WELL-BEING - AN EXPLORATORY STUDY ON THE PORTUGUESE POPULATION
Sousa, L., Figueiredo, D. and Galante, H., University of Aveiro, Portugal
The present investigation aims to characterize the older people (aged over 75 years old) quality of life and well-being, on the Portuguese population. The EASYcare (Elderly Assessment System) was used to collect data. The global sample comprises 1665 subjects, but only 1354 were capable of answer the EASYcare, because 142 were totally dependent and 169 reveal severe cognitive impairment. The statistical analysis was based on Principal Components Analysis and Cluster Analysis. EASY cares reveal good psychometric proprieties (Cronbach ( = 0,92). The principal component analysis identified 4 factors: daily activities, perceived well-being, motor competences and communication competences. The cluster analysis shows 4 groups of elder people: autonomous, almost autonomous, almost dependent and dependent. The findings show that: 62,8% of the elderly are autonomous, 8,5% almost autonomous, 4,3% almost dependent, 3,2% dependent, 8,5% very dependent e 10,2% with cognitive diminution.