CULTURE IN THE MELTING POT: MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOR ACROSS 47 NATIONS
 
Smith, P. B., University of Sussex, United Kingdom
 
Analyses of cultural differences in managerial behavior have been strongly influenced by the pioneering studies of Geert Hofstede. However, his data were collected long ago, and the belief is widespread that globalization is causing some degree of homogenization of managerial practices. This lecture reports on more recent culture-level surveys, which test the degree to which differences are found to persist. These surveys are concerned with managerial values and with managers' reliance on different sources of guidance. Descriptions of differences in managerial practices often do not address the crucial question of whether the effectiveness of those practices is contingent on the cultural context in which they occur. Data are presented which illustrate the ways that perceived effectiveness of managerial reliance on particular sources of guidance varies in relation to contemporary dimensions of cultural variation. The implications of these results are explored with particular reference to joint business ventures.