AIR POLLUTION AND MENTAL HEALTH: A STUDY OF COAL MINES AREA WORKERS
Singh, A. P., Pandey, B. K., Banaras Hindu University, India
Coal mining operations and preparation of coal for commercial uses generate huge amount of air pollution and physical health of working people affected by these are well documented. In this study we have carried out the effect of air pollution on the mental health of coal mines area workers. Three different air polluted (High, Moderate, Low) area of Bharat Cocking Coal Limited, Dhanbad were selected for the study on the basis of previous five year air pollution monitoring data taken by Environmental Laboratory, Dhanbad (India). In high level air polluted area, pollution levels are much high for any organism. 100 subjects were randomly selected from each area and were matched on socio-economic and demographic status. Subjects were physically healthy and were free from any neurological deficit in early age. For the assessment of mental health CMI Health Questionnaire and Mental Health Inventory were used. Results indicated that highly polluted area workers show more symptoms of inadequacy, depression, anxiety, sensitivity, anger, tension and have low positive self-evaluation, perception of reality, integration of personality, autonomy, group oriented attitude, and environmental mastery in comparison to moderate and low polluted area workers.