RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HOSTILITY PATTERN AND PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DISORDERS: CASES OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE AND HEADACHE
 
Weng, C.Y., Tsai, L.L., National Chung-Cheng University, Lue, B.H., National Taiwan University Hospital, Chen, H.J., Fu-Jen Catholic University and Lin, I.M., Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan
 
Hostility pattern consists of 3 components; cognitive (cog), affective (aff) and behavioral (B). The behavioral component is further divided into 2 modes; expressive (E, anger out) and suppressive (S, anger in). In Study 1, we tested the disease-specificity of hostility pattern by comparing three samples (each n=30); control (C), coronary artery disease (CAD), and headache (H). The results are given in the following table. ("High" indicates significantly higher than C.) Cog Aff Beh(E) Beh(S) __________________________________ Control __ __ __ __ CAD High High High __ H __ High __ High __________________________________ CAD appears to be characterized by explicit cognition of anger-provoking situations and emotional expression. H is characterized by suppression of anger expression and probably the resulting tightening of the neck/head muscle might contribute to the symptom. Thus, the results support the hypothesis that the two disease types may respond to affective stimuli differently. In Study 2, we examine the relationship between the hostility pattern and the psychophysiological responses (e.g. HR, BP, EMG ) in normal group to delineate the disease typology (predisposition) with the pre- clinical markers.