IS THERE A GENDER DIFFERENCE IN MORAL REASONING AMONG JAPANESE STUDENTS?
Shinobu, S., Waseda University, Japan
This study examines the claim of Gilligan (1977/1982) in which there are a relationship between self-concept and moral reasoning, and two different moral orientations-one described as a justice moral orientation on which Kohlberg's theory is based, and the other described as care orientation which Gilligan sees as more characteristic of female moral reasoning. Participants were Japanese university students. They were asked to fill out Japanese version of Personal Attitudes Questionnaire (Spence, J. & Helmreich, R., 1978; Azuma, K., 1992) to score for self-concept, and moral judgment questionnaire on the dilemma story about industrial spies, which staff members of Japanese companies actually were arrested in the Unites States. The story includes a conflict between intellectual property (rights/ laws) and the orders of their company (capitalism/ competition). It is expected that the results will show gender differences and relationships between self-concept and moral orientation, though it doesn't fully support Gilligan's theory.