ROLE OF OPTIMISM, SELF-EFFICACY AND NEGATIVE EMOTIONS IN EXECUTIVE STRESS AND PAIN
Sehgal, M., Panjab University, India
Stress and Strain are integral feature of our lives. The stress at work, appears to be increasing, as a result of cut throat competition, changing global economy, inflation, rapidly changing job roles and corporate culture. Stress at work has been recognized as one of the most important occupational health hazards. Occupational stress jeopardizes the physical and mental health of the employees leading to many psychosomatic illnesses. The effects of stress on individuals, eventually have a collective impact on the organization - leading to organizational problems of job dissatisfaction, poor working relationships, low morale and productivity, high absenteeism and lateness job alienation, work sabotage, early retirement and high rates of job turnover. The view of the dysfunctional impact of stress, there is an urgent need to tackle it. Occupational Stress has been viewed as resulting from an imbalance between environmental demands and individual capabilities. The present study focuses on the relationship of personal resources like generalized self efficacy. Optimism, Happiness, Physical Well being, Life satisfaction and absence/ presence of negative affect with perceived Occupational Stress, Strain and Psychosomatic Symptoms. The sample comprised 200 male middle level engineers, employed in public sector undertakings. Results clearly revealed that perceived personal resources 'can-do' cognitions, optimistic outlook, social network as positive resources and are negatively related with perceived stress and strain. Intervention strategies using personal resources and Human Resource Development programs as moderators of stress- strain relationship are discussed.