DOES GENDER INFLUENCE THE FOLLOWERS PERCEPTION OF LEADERSHIP?
Schyns, B. and Mohr, G., University of Leipzig, Germany
Research started on leadership as perception of followers already in the 1970ties (Calder, 1977). In this contribution, we pick up this view and focus on the side of the follower. Referring to research on differences of male and female leadership style (see Eagly & Johnson, 1990) the aim of the studies presented here was to find out if their are differences in perception of leadership which can be explained through gender or gender constellation. Different concepts of leadership were assessed: a) Leader- Member Exchange (Graen & Uhl-Bien, 1995; Liden & Maslyn, 1998), b) Individualized Leadership (Dansereau et al., 1998), and c) Transformational Leadership (Bass & Avolio, 1995). Results indicate that there are only few differences in the perception of male and female leaders by male and female subordinates.