COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH: FROM CLINICAL PRESCRIPTION TO FUNCTIONAL EFFICACY AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Schultz, R., University of Southern Australia, Australia
In developing countries, community mental health has generally been narrowly defined, ignored or actively avoided. Evidence and possible reasons for this are suggested. Broader, culturally-sensitive definitions are proposed and a construct encompassing notions of functional efficacy and social responsibility are advanced. The importance of mental health as a concept central to community health is argued and implications for those working in the areas of health, education and human resource management are discussed.