Samani, S. and Khayyer , M., Shiraz University, Iran
The main aim of the present research was to study the process and sequence of gender identity development in children. The sample of the study included 117 children between 2 to 7 years old, that they were chosen from Preschool and Elementary School Center of Shiraz University. Interview was used for data collection. In this interview 10 questions were used regarding gender identity development. Gender identity development composed of three stage. The first stage is gender identity (3 questions), the second stage is gender stability (3 questions), and the third stage is gender consistency (3 questions). The subjects of the above questions concerning the child's sex him/herself, the child's peer of the same sex, and opposite sex. The tenth question was about the child's judgement for gender identification. The results showed that the gender identity development followed a sequential development, gender identity, gender stability, and gender consistency. This sequence is occurred at first for child him/herself, then child's peer same sex, and finally for child's peer opposite sex. Also children aged 6 to 7 years, in comparison with other children, in order to identify the gender, to lay emphasis on the sex roles. Also the results showed that the process of gender identity development, follows the same process like the cognitive development.