JOB RESOURCES AND PROACTIVE BEHAVIOUR: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF JOB ENGAGEMENT
Salanova, M., Carrero, V., Pinazo, D., Jaume I University, Spain and Schaufeli, W., Utrecht University, The Netherlands
This study examines the structural relationships among specific job resources (i.e., job control, feedback and variety), job engagement and proactive behaviour. According the proposed Job Demands - Resources (JD-R) model the central assumption in this study is that job engagement develops when job resources are high because such positive working conditions lead to energy and worker motivation. In turn, this positive motivational process will lead to proactive behavior at work. Structural Equation Modeling in a sample of 624 Spanish employees working in several private and public organizations, provide strong evidence for the mediating role of job engagement. Specifically, results showed that job resources are primarily and positively related to job engagement, what in turn lead to proactive behavior. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.