THE EMPIRICAL CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLE INDICATORS OF MARITAL SUCCESS IN THAILAND
Vanindananda, N., National Research Council of Thailand Thailand
Marital success is the foremost important to family, youth and society. The present study aims at constructing 3 types of marital success indicators as follows: (1) multiple antecedent indicators (2) multiple consequent indicators, and (3) central indicator of marital success. A twin-study was carried out. In Study I husbands or wives (from 775 families with at least one child) responded to a set of questionnaires. The results revealed that four psychological factors (such as, intimacy and favorable attitudes towards spouse) and marital communication together could account for 74% of variance of marital relationship scores of these adults. Thus these important factors become multiple antecedent indicators of marital success. In Study II, parents and teen-aged children from 1,089 families participated. It was found that the multiple consequent indicators of marital success were the child's good mental health (with direct effect) and six indirect indicators (4 psychological indicators and two behavioral indicators) via perceived love and reasoning child rearing practices, favorable attitudes towards parents, and perceived own ability of parental conflict management. These consequent indicators could account for 55% of the variance of marital success reported by the child. The central indicator consisted of 10 items each accompanied by a 6-unit rating scale in the tradition of the Summated Ratings Method. The measure can be used to classify family and/or children for future assistance.