PERSONAL GOALS, STRATEGIES AND BURNOUT
 
Aro, A., Medivire Occupational Health Services Ltd and Salmela-Aro, K., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland
 
Burnout is nowadays a crucial problem in working life. The aim of this ongoing study is to examine the extent to which employees motivation and strategies are related to burnout. To examine this, 1700 employees from four organizations filled in Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS, Schaufeli, Leiter, Maslach & Jackson, 1996), a revised version of personal projects analysis method (Little, 1983; Salmela-Aro, 1996) and strategy and attribution questionnairy (SAQ; Nurmi, Salmela-Aro & Haavisto, 1995). Preliminary results showed first that burnout was particularly related to employees work-related goals; those who were burn out appraised their work-related goals as stressful, difficult to achieve, low in control beliefs and low support. Spillover effect showed that those who were most burn out appraised also both their social and self-related goals as difficult to achieve. Second, the results showed that burnout was also related to increased use of maladaptive strategies, particularly in the achievement domain. Those employees who were burned out used failure expectations and task-irrelevant behaviour. Moreover, they used avoidance social strategies and diminished social support seeking.