SCHOOLS OF THE FUTURE - A CHALLENGE FOR ARCHITECTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
 
Walden, R., University of Koblenz, Germany
 
A basis for human resources in an ageing society is the education of children. An "intelligent" school building permits an education that can effectively prepare children for the growing demands of work (Gifford, 2001). Using a facet approach (Borg, 1996) 165 aspects in 7 areas (faade, entrance hall, classroom, multi-functional rooms, sanitary facilities, staff room, gymnasium) of "future schools", as well as the building itself, were evaluated with regard to their "present quality" and "future importance" (from LL -2 very bad / very unimportant to JJ +2 very good / very important). Each individual aspect, as well as the total effect, of the building were evaluated regarding performance, well-being, positive displays of self in design and social co-operation. In a User Needs Analysis, 53 experts "on location", 46 adults (shown photos), 122 pupils and 26 teachers were asked. Data analysis included means testing, and correlations, (factor and regression analyses). Selected results for classrooms (1/2), according to pupils' evaluation (85 items) show: (1)Important aspects for the future are: regulation of room climate, feeling secure, and well-being; (2)In future, efficiency, cleanliness, evidence of personal values, places in which people can relax, traces of damage, and dirt are to consider (important); (3)There is a strong connection between the importance of efficiency (total school building) and well-being as well as social behavior. In addition, there is a substantial and highly significant correlation between 12 of the aspects and efficiency (rxy>40; p<01). Keywords: Schools, architecture, intelligent buildings, efficiency, well-being, environmental control, social behavior, facet approach, User Needs Analysis, Building Performance Evaluation